Martinez, В 1В

AlexandraВ MartinezВ

JosephВ D. В HaskeВ

ENGLВ­1301В­P61В

NovemberВ 18, В 2014В

AВ Man'sВ BestВ FriendВ

AnimalsВ haveВ servedВ humansВ inВ manyВ differentВ rolesВ overВ time. В HorsesВ haveВ providedВ transportationВ andВ pulledВ machinery. В CatsВ keepВ awayВ pestsВ likeВ miceВ andВ rats. В DogsВ participateВ inВ hunting, В herding, В guardingВ property, В pullingВ sleds, В andВ performingВ rescues. В WhileВ weВ haveВ becomeВ lessВ reliantВ onВ themВ forВ manyВ ofВ theseВ tasks, В petsВ haveВ takenВ onВ anВ increasinglyВ importantВ roleВ asВ companions. В PetsВ provideВ companionshipВ andВ unconditionalВ love, В asВ wellВ asВ aВ senseВ ofВ security. В TheyВ provideВ psychologicalВ andВ socialВ supportВ thatВ helpsВ withВ coping, В restoration, В andВ resilienceВ (Walsh, В 2009). В AsВ manyВ asВ 85%В ofВ petВ ownersВ considerВ themВ toВ beВ membersВ ofВ theirВ familyВ andВ feelВ closerВ toВ themВ thanВ otherВ membersВ (Cohen, В 2002). В В DogВ andВ catВ breedingВ andВ distributionВ hasВ becomeВ aВ multiВ­billionВ dollarВ industry. В AВ marketВ thisВ size, В withВ lowВ barriersВ toВ entry, В providesВ opportunitiesВ andВ temptationsВ toВ peopleВ drivenВ byВ aВ profitВ motive. В ToВ generateВ higherВ profits, В breedersВ andВ distributorsВ areВ makingВ operationalВ cuts, В resultingВ inВ harmВ andВ sufferingВ toВ animals. В WithВ theВ growthВ ofВ thisВ marketВ hasВ comeВ anВ increaseВ inВ reportedВ abusesВ andВ anВ outcryВ fromВ animalВ activistsВ forВ moreВ regulation. В DespiteВ evidenceВ aboutВ inhumaneВ breedingВ andВ sellingВ practices, В thereВ areВ stillВ peopleВ whoВ disputeВ thereВ isВ aВ problemВ orВ thatВ anyВ actionВ isВ required. В MyВ argumentВ isВ thatВ individualsВ mustВ becomeВ knowledgeableВ aboutВ theВ subjectВ ofВ puppyВ andВ kittyВ millsВ becauseВ actionВ isВ requiredВ byВ

Martinez, В 2В

individualsВ toВ endВ theВ abuses. В PuppyВ andВ kittyВ millsВ exist, В theyВ areВ harmfulВ toВ innocentВ animals, В andВ withoutВ activismВ andВ interventionВ promptedВ byВ individuals, В theseВ practicesВ willВ continue. В В ItВ isВ importantВ toВ provideВ definitionsВ andВ backgroundВ toВ understandingВ thisВ issueВ moreВ completely. В ManyВ dogsВ andВ catsВ areВ soldВ andВ transportedВ acrossВ stateВ borders. В ThisВ isВ whyВ theВ federalВ governmentВ isВ involvedВ withВ licensingВ andВ regulations. В TheВ USDAВ licensesВ facilitiesВ thatВ sellВ wholesaleВ toВ petВ stores. В ThereВ areВ aboutВ 11, 500В­12, 000В petВ storesВ inВ theВ U. T., В 3, 500В­3, 700В whichВ sellВ catsВ andВ dogsВ (animalfolksmn. org, В 2011). В TheseВ petВ storesВ accountВ forВ saleВ ofВ three hundred, 000В­500, 000В puppiesВ eachВ yearНѕВ yetВ 85%В ofВ petВ storesВ wereВ unwillingВ toВ revealВ paperworkВ identifyingВ theirВ puppies'В originВ (animalfolksmn. org, В 2011). В GreaterВ isВ theВ 2. 7В millionВ puppiesВ soldВ eachВ yearВ thatВ originateВ inВ puppyВ millsВ (animalfolksmn. orgВ npВ 2011). В " PuppyВ mill” isВ aВ termВ usedВ toВ describeВ largeВ commercialВ kennelsВ orВ breeders, В withВ inhumaneВ conditionsВ (animalfolksmn. org, В 2011). В TheВ HumaneВ SocietyВ ofВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ (HSUS)В estimatesВ thereВ areВ 7, 360В puppyВ millsВ acrossВ theВ U. T.. В TexasВ isВ oneВ ofВ sevenВ statesВ thatВ haveВ passedВ aВ lawВ toВ crackВ downВ onВ puppyВ mills. В В

ShadyВ businessВ practicesВ andВ lackВ ofВ documentationВ mayВ beВ evidenceВ ofВ businessВ abuse, В butВ areВ notВ proofВ ofВ animalВ abuseНѕВ thatВ isВ whereВ inspectionsВ andВ eyewitnessВ accountsВ areВ needed. В FromВ AprilВ­MayВ 2008, В theВ CompanionВ AnimalВ ProtectionВ Society, В CAPS, В didВ anВ undercoverВ investigationВ ofВ PickВ ofВ theВ Litter, В aВ USDAВ­licensedВ facilityВ andВ oneВ ofВ theВ largestВ breedingВ facilitiesВ inВ theВ country, В locatedВ inВ OtterВ TailВ CountyВ inВ MinnesotaВ (CAPS, В 2006). В ThereВ areВ twoВ YouTubeВ videosВ thatВ documentВ abusesВ ofВ animalsВ atВ theВ handsВ ofВ KathyВ JoВ Bauck, В theВ ownerВ (CAPS, В 2006). В В InВ May, В sheВ wasВ chargedВ withВ fiveВ countsВ ofВ cruelty, В twoВ countsВ ofВ torture, В andВ twoВ countsВ ofВ practicingВ veterinaryВ medicineВ withoutВ aВ licenseВ inВ OtterВ TailВ CountyВ (Walton, В

Martinez, В 3В

2009). В CourtВ documentsВ containВ detailsВ ofВ treatmentВ atВ theВ kennelВ (Walton, В 2009). В TheВ investigatorВ saidВ BauckВ wasВ soВ eagerВ toВ getВ herВ handsВ onВ aВ newВ puppyВ thatВ sheВ reachedВ herВ unwashedВ handsВ intoВ theВ wombВ ofВ aВ dogВ havingВ troubleВ givingВ birth. В OneВ puppyВ wasВ deadВ onВ theВ floorВ andВ anotherВ liveВ puppyВ wasВ hangingВ byВ anВ umbilicalВ cordНѕВ itВ laterВ died. В SheВ reachedВ inВ forВ aВ...

Cited: 12В Dec. В 2011. В Web.

(2002). В Print. В В

West Palm Beach Animal Rescue Examiner​

. В 12В Dec. В 2011. В Web. В 20

April. В 2010. В

Animal Control Association,  Inc​

. В 12В Dec. В 2011. В Web. В 15В JulyВ 2008.

12В Dec. В 2011. В Web. В 2010.

2011. В Web. В 2009. В

2011. В Web. В 14В Jan. В 2009.

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